Philippine churches engage with indigenous spiritualities

By ENInews
November 3, 2011

Indigenous spirituality is enhancing the Christian tradition in many Philippine churches, as they retrace the local context of their faith - writes Maurice Melanes.

"There are several initiatives to bring indigenous spirituality into our churches, such as incorporating the chanting of indigenous peoples into our liturgy," the Rev Ferdinand Anno, coordinator of the graduate programme of the Union Theological Seminary (UTS) in the Philippines, told ENInews recently.

He cited the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, which has been promoting indigenisation of worship. Supporting the initiative are seminaries like UTS, the Baguio City-based Ecumenical Theological Seminary, and the Central Philippine-based Silliman Divinity School.

He said through research and workshops, liturgy and arts students have tapped indigenous materials such as gongs, traditional drums and bamboos, instead of organ or piano, to enhance worship in some local churches.

"At our seminary, indigenous theology and spirituality is one perspective through which we are trying to review our historic doctrinal affirmations and traditional theological themes," said Anno.

He said indigenous theologies are part of a course in contemporary theologies and is being offered as an elective in the Master of Divinity and Bachelor of Theology programmes. Those interested could also pursue graduate studies in indigenous theologies.

Since it became autonomous from the US-based Episcopal Church in 1990, the Episcopal Church of the Philippines was also given "an opportunity to integrate our indigenous faith expressions in our liturgy and music," the Rev David Tabo-oy, Episcopal Church of the Philippines evangelism and Christian education coordinator, told ENInews.

He cited locally composed hymns, a Book of Common Prayer, and a liturgical guide, which integrate indigenous practices into church services.

In two separate forums earlier this month, Anno and Tabo-oy both stressed that divinity or spirituality is not the monopoly of Christianity, or any established religion, but is present in every culture. Hosted by Ecumenical Theological Seminary, the forums were part of a series of churches and civic groups' activities in celebration of October 2011 as 'Indigenous Peoples Month'.

"In solidarity with our indigenous peoples, let us draw our divinity or spirituality from the rich wells of our native wisdom," Anno said.

Noting the indigenous peoples' close affinity with the land and nature, Tabo-oy also said, "Their spirituality and values are incorporated with their way of life and are actually more spiritual than many Christians."

Indigenous peoples, roughly 17 million or 16 per cent of the Philippines' population of 100 million, are those who have maintained their traditional way of life, including their way of worship, as they have been less colonised by Spain and later by the United States.

[With acknowledgements to ENInews. ENInews, formerly Ecumenical News International, is jointly sponsored by the World Council of Churches, the Lutheran World Federation, the World Communion of Reformed Churches and the Conference of European Churches.]

* Also on Ekklesia: Indigenous theologians meet to 'affirm spiritualities of life' -


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