Despite this year's vote by South Sudan for independence, churches in Sudan and South Sudan have decided to remain united, mainly to help denominations in Muslim-majority Sudan - writes Fredrick Nzwili.
Bishops of the Roman Catholic Church on 28 October approved maintaining one conference covering the two states, alluding to shared history and existing "very real practical human links."
In July, the Episcopal (Anglican) Church decided to remain one body for the next two years and the Sudan Council of Churches has also said it will not split.
"It's more about solidarity," observed John Ashworth, an advisor with the Sudan Ecumenical Forum, which enhances churches' work for peace in Sudan, on 3 November 2011.
"They feel they are still united despite the political boundaries," said Ashworth in a e-mail sent to ENInews. Noting that Christianity is stronger in South Sudan, he commented that "the church in South Sudan will be much stronger and so in practice the church in Sudan will be supported by the South."
Most Christians in the north are from the south as are most priests and 50 per cent of the bishops, according to church officials. Two Roman Catholic dioceses are served by a cardinal and three bishops. "The north church is a 'minority church' that would very much need the South to remain intact," explained the Rev Don Bosco Ochieng, a priest from Rumbek diocese in South Sudan.
"There are concerns about [the northern church's] unknown future, given the north's declaration as an Islamic state," he said, referring to a statement made by Sudan president Omar al-Bashir on 13 October.
Sudanese churches' diocesan boundaries have not followed those of the political administration as is the case in many other African countries. The dioceses on the border between the two nations continue to include large areas on both sides, making it important for the churches to maintain unity, according to officials.
In October, the Episcopal Bishop of Khartoum, Ezekiel Kondo, visited the US and said times are tense for Sudan's Christians. Kondo met with the Department of State and major nongovernmental organisations and spoke on a panel at an anti-genocide conference, Episcopal News Service reports.
"As far as the north goes, the independence has brought a difference," he said. Christian government officials and private sector workers have been laid off; the government is introducing full Islamic Sharia law which poses a challenge to the church; and South Sudanese are not being given citizenship. People are leaving or being forced out, and the church in Khartoum has been diminished.
Additionally, there has been an influx of refugees from South Kordofan, an oil-producing state under northern control in central Sudan, where southern sympathisers have been under attack.
Though the United Nations is in Khartoum, Sudan's capital city, the government has declined to open camps for these refugees, so people are staying with relatives, Kondo said. This is a problem because when people are dispersed, aid is difficult to administer, he said. It also is difficult to obtain accurate demographic data and is a way of hiding the situation from the world.
"We were able to accommodate some [refugees] but not all," he said. "We have organised special prayer for South Kordofan; collected food and clothes, because people just came - ran with their bodies but they got nothing out."
Since South Sudan's independence, one church in Khartoum has been threatened with demolition and another has been burned down, Kondo said. A death threat letter was posted on the home of a Christian family, and the authorities have so far been unresponsive.
With additional material from Episcopal News Service
[With acknowledgements to ENInews. ENInews, formerly Ecumenical News International, is jointly sponsored by the World Council of Churches, the Lutheran World Federation, the World Communion of Reformed Churches and the Conference of European Churches.]