After a week of mounting protest over alleged fraud in Russia's 4 December parliamentary election, the Russian Orthodox Church has called for stricter control over the election process - evidence of the extent to which anger has spread in Russian society, writes Sophia Kishkovsky.
A demonstration in Moscow on 10 December drew 25,000 people, according to police, but opposition leaders said the numbers were at least 80,000. Smaller protests were held across Russia. The voice of the church could play a significant role as activists plan for demonstrations on 17 December and 24 December 2011.
"I think that the situation that has taken shape must stir the authorities and various social forces to begin a national dialogue on the format of the electoral process and civic control over it," Archpriest Vsevolod Chaplin, the Moscow Patriarchate's most prominent spokesman told Pravmir.ru, a widely cited Orthodox news site, after the demonstration.
Russia's Central Election Commission is often seen as allied with the Kremlin. Demonstrators have been calling for the resignation of commission chairman Vladimir Churov.
Chaplin told the Interfax news agency that the church was pleased that the demonstrations were so peaceful and that every effort must be made to avoid a situation that would result in revolutions like those that have previously torn Russia apart.
His statement came after days of strikingly frank statements by individual clergy about possible election fraud.
"That priests are ready to speak out openly about this, and speak of this with anger ... and speak of the possibility of public protest ... several weeks ago, even several days ago, it would have been impossible to imagine," Sergei Chapnin, editor of the Journal of the Moscow Patriarchate, told ENInews.
Pravmir, blogs and Facebook have become a fixture of Orthodox discourse in Russia, and they have been filled with commentary on the elections, with suggestions ranging from everything to a recount to the need for a monarchy in Russia.
The Rev Fyodor Lyudogovsky, an instructor at the Moscow Theological Academy and Seminary, told Pravmir: "This election is a very rare model of lies and hypocrisy. And Christians should not and cannot tolerate it."
During the election campaign, the Rev Aleksei Pluzhnikov, a priest in Volgograd, wrote that he had been called in on three hours' notice by the local district government office, arriving to a room full of other priests - and a lecture by a bureaucrat telling them to encourage parishioners to vote for United Russia, the party led by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.
Volgograd Times reported that priests were among demonstrators in Volgograd on 10 December.
[With acknowledgements to ENInews. ENInews, formerly Ecumenical News International, is jointly sponsored by the World Council of Churches, the Lutheran World Federation, the World Communion of Reformed Churches and the Conference of European Churches.]