A Moscow court on 17 August found three members of the feminist punk band Pussy Riot guilty of "hooliganism motivated by religious hatred" for a guerrilla performance in Moscow's main cathedral last February. They were sentenced to two years in a penal colony - writes Sophia Kishkovsky.
The band last February performed a "punk prayer" against Russian president Vladimir Putin and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill I.
The case has divided Russia and the Orthodox Church and drawn worldwide protests on behalf of Pussy Riot and free speech. Outside the courtroom on 17 August, protestors clashed with police. Well-known chess champion Garry Kasparov was arrested during the protests.
The charges against Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, Maria Alyokhina and Yekaterina Samutsevich had carried up to seven years in prison and the prosecutor had demanded three for the young women, who range in age from 22 to 30.
Judge Maria Syrova said that she did not accept the defendants' explanation that Christ the Savior Cathedral is not a church but a commercial enterprise because of businesses that operate there.
During the trial, which began last month, the defendants explained that they were opposed to Kirill's support of Putin, who returned to the Kremlin after winning the 4 March presidential elections in the face of protests claiming voting irregularities.
The Orthodox Church said that it would issue an official commentary on the verdict on the evening of 17 August. Kirill has been silent on the case for several months after leading a prayer service in April to prayer for deliverance from persecution of the church.
Archpriest Vsevolod Chaplin, spokesperson for the Moscow Patriarchate, has been the most vocal official commentator on the case, and has said the church is ready to forgive members of Pussy Riot if they repent.
"If someone insults me personally, then of course I will forgive them," Chaplin told the RIA Novosti news agency last month. "But if someone insults my faith or my God, I wait until they change their position and admit that they acted wrongly."
In the performance, the musicians walked into the cathedral, donned brightly-colored balaclavas and began to gesticulate and dance in front of the altar. Their actions were filmed as a video and set to music with the lyrics "O Birthgiver of God, Get Rid of Putin" and an expletive as a refrain.
The video went viral, shocking many Russians and infuriating the Kremlin and the Orthodox hierarchy, but also setting off a debate in the church about the role of forgiveness and mercy in Orthodoxy.
Liberals in the church say it is behaving in an un-Christian manner.
There have been protests in support of Pussy Riot across the globe.
[With acknowledgements to ENInews. ENInews, formerly Ecumenical News International, is jointly sponsored by the World Council of Churches, the Lutheran World Federation, the World Communion of Reformed Churches, and the Conference of European Churches.]