Social mobility: Cameron is ignoring Major, not listening to him

By Symon Hill
November 14, 2013

David Cameron has today (14 November 2013) declared that lack of social mobility is a problem. He was responding to comments by his predecessor John Major, but he ignored the main point that Major seemed to be making – the power of private schools.

Only seven percent of the UK population attend fee-paying schools. But the majority of judges, finance directors and top journalists attended them.

This grotesque reality shows how far we are from true democracy, let alone equality. Your birth and therefore your schooling play a bigger role than anything else in determining your chances in life and how much power you are likely to have as an adult.

As a child, I felt resentful of private schools. I was angry at the idea that those with the money to do so could buy a better education that my family and other working class families could never afford. When I went to university that I came to a partially different conclusion.

Some middle class parents make sacrifices so that their children can go to private schools. They may well be motivated by the desire for a better education for their children. But studying in Oxford, I met a good many people who had been to the top private schools – the so-called “public” schools such as Eton and Harrow. It was very clear to me that the super-rich who send their children to such places know that they will mix with other people like them and that the values and habits of the ruling class will be passed down (they may not put it like that themselves of course). It is not about getting a better education. It is about being in the right place.

Private schools, particularly the most expensive ones, ensure that it is the children of the rich and powerful who become rich and powerful.

Cameron’s rhetoric about “social mobility” is not going to address that. Cameron’s policies have played a major role in ensuring that half a million people in the UK are dependent on food banks while even people on middle incomes are struggling to pay the heating bills. By talking of social mobility, Cameron is only rubbing salt into the wound.

Those who talk of social mobility usually suggest schemes for helping a few of those who are born in poverty to rise above it. It is usually the “gifted” young people who these plans are aimed at. It is rarely explained why rich people get to be rich despite not being “gifted” or why poor people who are not “gifted” should be expected to stay in poverty.

We don’t social mobility. We need meaningful equality and democracy. We will never have it until we ban private schools.

(c) Symon Hill is an Ekklesia associate and a founding member of Christianity Uncut. His latest book, Digital Revolutions: Activism in the internet age, is published by New Internationalist and can be ordered at

For more of Symon's writing and other work, please visit

Although the views expressed in this article do not necessarily represent the views of Ekklesia, the article may reflect Ekklesia's values. If you use Ekklesia's news briefings please consider making a donation to sponsor Ekklesia's work here.