After the 2010 earthquake devastated Haitian capital Port-au-Prince and surrounding areas, Mennonite Central Committee (MCC) decided to use a portion of its $16.7 million earthquake response budget to strengthen the Desarmes community.
About 62 miles north of the capital, Desarmes has been the location of MCC’s thriving reforestation programme.
The Haitian government and many nongovernmental organisations saw the importance of creating resources in towns outside of Port-au-Prince, so that the rebuilt capital would not be as overcrowded as it was during the earthquake.
The deadly impact of the earthquake – 220,000 deaths and 300,000 injuries – was attributed in part to the sheer number of people living in overcrowded, substandard housing in the capital.
Many people from rural communities, including Desarmes, lived there because they didn’t have access to education, jobs or basic services in their home communities. The earthquake brought hundreds of former Desarmes residents back home, seeking shelter and support.
To help sustain them and encourage them to stay, Mennonite Central Committee provided initial cash-for-work programmes.
In 2012, MCC, in cooperation with the Canadian government and Desarmes partners, expanded the Desarmes Vocational School. (Visit acommonplace.mcc.org to learn more). Then, with the encouragement of the community, the agency decided to address the water system.
The complex and uncoordinated network of pipes, reservoirs, public water access areas and irrigation canals were all in need of improvement, and systems to control the flow of water and to purify the water needed to be established. One additional reservoir had to be built.
The most critical part, however, was working with residents, water committees who controlled the springs and the Haitian water authority. The inequitable distribution was already a source of conflict, said Josh Steckley of New Hamburg, Ontario, a former MCC worker in Haiti with his spouse, Marylynn Steckley. Josh Steckley oversaw the development and implementation of the project.
“Our history in the region and our reputation in the region gave us some social capital,” said Steckley.
The North American inter-Mennonite relief and development agency’s Haitian staff, familiar with conflict resolution skills used in the reforestation programme, participated in long meetings and many discussions until a plan was agreed upon.
“The project more than doubled the amount of available water coming to Desarmes, but because of a complete reorganisation of the system, it is more equally distributed and has increased people’s access by as much as seven times, depending on where they live,” Steckley explained.
In December 2013, almost all infrastructure was completed and water was flowing, either to every household or to one of 36 nearby public water kiosks, Steckley said. Everyone has access to spring water, as much as they want – or at least as much as they have containers to hold.
One MCC staff member, Franklyn Paulisme, who always had water pipes coming into his house, but rarely had water, now can collect seven drums (52 gallons each) of water each day. He uses it to mix with cement for a new house he is building.
Nearby water will save a lot of carrying time for families, allowing them to use that time to earn money. Available and reliable water will allow people to establish kitchen gardens which were not practical or sustainable before, Steckley said.
Chlorination systems still need to be installed, said Kurt Hildebrand, MCC representative in Haiti with his spouse, Wilda Mondestin, and new government requirements for fencing and erosion control for 1,000 square metres around the springs have to be implemented. Hildebrand is from Medford, Oregan, and Mondestin from Haiti.
Clean drinking water, in an area affected by the cholera outbreak in 2010, will be a health benefit to the community, Steckley said. Even now, the water is more drinkable than the canal or river water that some people used before.
“Now you can feel the difference,” said Emmanuel Fleurine, an MCC staff member from Port-au-Prince who visited Desarmes before and after the water system. “Before you could see people bathing themselves or washing their clothes in very brown water,” he said. “Now clean water is flowing from the faucets.”
* Mennonite Central Committee: http://www.mcc.org