Dear Mr Duncan Smith,
We are fellow Catholics and people who were brought up in the Catholic faith. We are writing to express our concern at the impact on our communities of your welfare reform policies. We understand that your Catholic faith is important to you, and your approach is driven by a desire to improve the quality of individual lives. However, we believe that they are in fact doing the reverse. We would urge you to rethink and to abandon further cuts which are likely to cause more damage.
Of particular concern are benefit sanctions. We were shocked to learn that your Department recognises sanctions can lead to a deterioration in the health of a claimant. Yet sanctions continued to be imposed. This, as a punishment for what may be a clerical or timekeeping error, seems excessive. We would not expect prisoners in our jails to be punished in this way, and would be grateful if you would consider whether it is an appropriate way to treat people who are unemployed, sick, or disabled.
We are also very concerned at the way the Work Capability Assessment is currently managed and the change from Disability Living Allowance to Personal Independence Payments. Both these systems are causing great harm to sick and disabled people as are the enormous delays in administering disability and sickness benefits. To become seriously ill or disabled is bad enough. To then have to wait months for help whilst unpaid bills mount up, perhaps fearing eviction or needing to use a foodbank, is distressing and damaging. The recent suggestion to reduce Employment Support Allowance – currently funded at a level that recognises the additional costs of illness or disability – to the rate of Jobseeker's Allowance will cause further hardship
We appreciate that you believe the benefits cap encourages people to take control of their lives and find work. However the evidence suggests that it is in fact driving families into poverty and homelessness.The main reason families exceed the benefit cap is that they require high levels of Housing Benefit in order to pay excessive rents. As a result, thousands of people have been forced to leave their homes, which is disruptive to families and damaging to local communities.
We know you place great faith in Universal Credit to restore fairness to the system, but would ask you to reconsider many aspects of it, including the halving of the disabled child’s allowance. Disabled people, and families with disabled children, are already more likely to be living in poverty – it does not seem fair that they should lose more.
We are aware of your wish to promote personal responsibility and self-reliance, and we too believe these qualities are to be encouraged. However, we feel that for large numbers of people, policies aimed at promoting these qualities are having the opposite effect, pushing them further into poverty, and worse.
We would ask you to consider these words from Quadragesimo Anno, the Papal Encyclical written in 1931, as the world dealt with the Great Recession:
To each, therefore, must be given his own share of goods; and the distribution of created goods, which, as every discerning person knows, is labouring today under the gravest evils due to the huge disparity between the few exceedingly rich and the unnumbered propertyless, must be effectively called back to and brought into conformity with the norms of the common good, that is, social justice. (para 57/58)
The Encyclical went on to stress that this entitlement to a share of the wealth of the community was not dependent on work. In other words, when people are unable to work through ill health or disability, or unable to find a job, it is our duty to make sure that they receive the basic requirements of a dignified life; adequate food, shelter, warmth and security.
We believe that a supportive welfare state is an expression of Christian justice and compassion. When this support is removed, we may think we are saving money, but the consequential problems, like poorer mental and physical health, and educational underachievement, all bear a human and financial cost, and will have to be paid for in some way.
We accept that your reforms have been undertaken in accordance with your conscience, but we would ask you to accept in return that our concerns are genuine, and our experiences of increasing social distress are real. Our consciences, informed by our faith and experience in our communities, leave us with no alternative but to speak out when we see some of the most disadvantaged people in society being harmed.
We would like to enter into a dialogue with you, to explore how as citizens we can best support and enable our less fortunate neighbours, whilst treating them with dignity and respect. We have constructive proposals on how to make our welfare system work better, and in a way that is more compatible with Catholic and Christian values. We would not wish to find ourselves reliant on charity to survive, and are saddened that so many of our neighbours have become so in recent years. As Saint Augustine said, ‘Charity is no substitute for justice withheld.’
We would like to thank you for taking the time to read this letter.
We remain your sisters and brothers in Christ,
Steve Atherton, Justice and Peace Fieldworker, Archdiocese of Liverpool; Francis Ballin, Cardiff Justice and Peace Commission; Phil Barrett, Liverpool Archdiocese Justice and Peace Commission; Tina Beattie, Professor of Catholic Studies, Director, The Digby Stuart Research Centre for Religion, Society and Human Flourishing (DSRC), Digby Stuart College, University of Roehampton; Anne Booth, children’s author; E. Irene Brennan, Jean Monnet Profess of European Integrated Studies (retired) University of Westminster; Frances Brown, Banbury Justice and Peace Group; Joseph Brown, Banbury Justice and Peace Group;Terry Brown, Justice and Peace Coordinator, ArchDiocese of Southwark; Bernadette Callaghan, retired teacher; Sheila Cogley, retired social care worker; Michael Cook, retired academic; Margaret Cook, retired schools inspector, school governor; Frank Cottrell-Boyce, author and screenwriter; Denise Cottrell-Boyce; Henrietta Cullinan, Ekklesia administrator, London Catholic Worker; Brian Davies, Birmingham J&P Commission, former CAFOD Head of Education; Sir Tom Devine, OBE, academic historian; Dr Claire Dwyer, Reader in Human Geography, Co-Director, Migration Research Unit, University College London; Paul Donovan, writer and journalist; Rev Kevin Duffy, Deacon, Corpus Christi RC Church, Rainford; John Eade, Professor of Sociology and Anthropology, Dept of Social Sciences, University of Roehampton; Fr Rob Esdaile, Our Lady of Lourdes Church, Thames Ditton, Surrey; Hannah Flynn, Christians for Economic Justice; Pat Gaffney, Coordinator, Pax Christi; Mary Glennon, retired teacher; Mary Grey, Professor Emeritus, University of Wales, Chair, Living Stones of the Holy Land Trust, Hon President, Wells for India; Catherine Hale, independent researcher; Mary Hallam, retired teacher; Dr Alana Harris, Teaching Fellow in Modern British History, King’s College London; Stephen Hoyland, Ignatian Outreach – IGO; Fr Chris Hughes, Chair, Hexham and Newcastle Diocesan Justice and Peace Co-Ordinating Council; Fr Peter Hughes, Coordinator, Columban Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation; Barbara Hungin, Chair Middlesbrough Diocesan Justice and Peace Commission; Dr Deborah M Jones, Fellow of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics; Matt Jeziorski, Education Officer, Pax Christi; Ann Kelly, Administrator, National Justice and Peace Network; David Lodge, author and former professor of English at Birmingham University; Kathryn Lydon, retired social worker (mental health) and CAB volunteer; Fr Marc Lyden-Smith, Chaplain to Sunderland University and Sunderland Football Club; Dr Susan O’Brien, Visiting Lecturer, Margaret Beaufort Institute; Dr Carmen M Mangion, Birkbeck, University of London; Vincent Manning, Chairperson, Catholics for AIDS Prevention and Support; Bernadette Meaden, writer and Ekklesia associate; Tony McNicholl, Co-ordinator, Wrexham Diocese Faith, Justice & Peace Network; Virginia Moffatt, Chief Operating Officer, Ekklesia; Anne O’Connor, Editor, North West National Justice and Peace Network E Bulletin; John O’Brien, Accountant, Chair of Nottingham Ark; Dr Susan O’Brien, Visiting Lecturer, Margaret Beaufort Institute; Marie O’Sullivan, Advocate; Anne Peacey, Chair National Justice and Peace Network; Dr Terry Phillips; Fr Hugh Pollock, Chair, Lancaster Diocese Justice and Peace Commission; Geraldine Poole, trustee mental health charity; Gerry Poole, peace and justice campaigner; Fr Nick Postlethwaite, CP, Catholic Priest; Moira Potier de la Morandiere, Consultant Clinical and Forensic Psychologist; Dr Marcus Pound, Associate Director, Centre for Catholic Studies, University of Durham; Dr Maria Power, Lecturer, Institute of Irish Studies, University of Liverpool; Joe Prendergast, Project Assistant, Liverpool Hope University; Christopher Rawsthorne, retired headmaster; Josephine Rawsthorne, retired teacher; Jean Raymond; Frank Regan, Writer on Christian faith in dialogue with culture and politics; Dr Anna Rowlands, Lecturer in Catholic Studies, University of Durham; Councillor Jennifer Rowlands, Luton Borough Council; Jo Siedlecka, writer and journalist; Lee Siggs, Editor, Justice Magazine; Tony Sheen, Westminster Justice and Peace; Denise Sheen, parishioner St George’s Church, Enfield; Fr Shaun Smith, Hallam, Justice and Peace Commission; Ellen Teague, writer and journalist; Stan Thomas, retired social worker; Marian Thompson, Editor of Mouthpeace, Justice and Peace Newsletter,Liverpool and Shrewsbury Dioceses; Cate Tuitt, Vice Chair, London Cooperative Party; Union of Catholic Mothers; John Usher.