Mothers of young children third less likely to be in work than fathers

By agency reporter
September 2, 2016

Women with young children are nearly a third less likely to be in work than men with children of the same age, according to new TUC analysis published today (2 September 2016).

The TUC found that on average just 64 per cent of mothers with children aged up to the age of four are in paid employment, compared to 93 per cent of fathers with pre-school age children.

The analysis shows that the age of a woman’s youngest child has a clear influence on whether or not she works. The employment rate for mothers increases by 11 percentage points to 75 per cent for women with children at primary school (aged 5-10) and by 17 percentage points to 81 per cent for mothers with secondary school age children.

There are also regional differences in maternal employment rates. In London, the West Midlands and Yorkshire and Humberside, fewer than six in 10 mothers of pre-school children are in work. In Wales, the South West, East of England and Scotland this rises to nearer t seven in 10.

For fathers of pre-school children, employment rates are above 90 per cent throughout the country. This suggests that mothers’ work decisions are affected by regional variations in the availability and cost of childcare, transport and housing, and access to good quality flexible and part-time jobs.

The TUC General Secretary, Frances O’Grady, said: It’s worrying that so many women with young children are locked out of work because they have kids. We need to share parenting more equally – else the gender pay gap will take decades to close.

“We also need to do more to support working mums. That means making sure that affordable childcare is available from the end of maternity leave to the start of school.

“And we need employers to help too. We need vastly more good quality part-time and flexible jobs. And employers have to be flexible too – like when kids start school and are on shorter hours for the first few weeks.”

Commenting on the research, British Chambers of Commerce (BCC) Acting Director General, Adam Marshall, said: "While businesses and unions may not agree on everything, both believe the case for more action on childcare is clear. Too many parents – in particular women – are losing out on opportunities at work, too many firms are losing talented employees, and the UK economy as a whole is paying the price.

“Good, affordable childcare is essential business infrastructure, and we need to look at new ways to drive costs down and drive provision up all across the UK." 

Around 370,000 working mothers have their youngest child starting primary school this September and the transition to school can present new opportunities. But there are challenges for parents of school age children too, says the TUC.

Some may have to change their working hours to fit with the shorter school day, depending on the availability of wrap-around care in their area or whether or not they have support networks that can help with school drop-offs and pick-ups. Many schools have a staggered start to help young children settle into school life, which can mean a couple of weeks at the beginning of the reception year when children may only be doing half days.

With this in mind the TUC is asking employers to:

  • Be supportive of working parents and show some flexibility if needed to help them adapt to different childcare pressures once children start school.
  • Let parents use parental leave as flexibly as possible to help them cover school holidays or temporary changes to school hours. 

* A TUC study with the IPPR: Pay and Parenthood is available here

*TUC https://www.tuc.org.uk/

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