Financial sustainability of local authorities 2018

By agency reporter
March 10, 2018

The financial health of local authorities across England is getting worse, says a report from the National Audit Office (NAO).

The report highlights that despite greater freedoms to increase council tax bills and one-off short-term funds from government, local authorities are struggling to juggle higher demands and cost pressures against significant central government funding cuts of nearly 50 per cent since 2010-11.

Many local authorities are relying on using their savings to fund local services and are overspending on services, which is not financially sustainable. The report goes on to show that if local authorities with social care responsibilities keep using their reserves at current rates, one in ten could have exhausted them within three years. Last month, Northamptonshire County Council imposed strict in-year spending controls as it is at risk of spending more than the resources it has available in 2017-18, which would be unlawful.

Continued increases in demand for social care and tightening resources are pushing local government towards a narrow remit centred on social care. From 2010-11 to 2016-17, the estimated number of people aged 65 and over in need of care increased by 14.3 per cent, and the number of children being looked-after grew by 10.9 per cent. Social care now accounts for 54.4 per cent of local authorities’ total service spend, up from 45.3 per cent in 2010-11.

Despite growing demand, spending on social care still fell by 3.0 per cent from 2010-11 to 2016-17. However, this compares with a 32.6 per cent reduction in spending on all other service areas including: reductions of 52.8 per cent on planning and development; 45.6 per cent on housing services; 37.1 per cent on highways and transport; and 34.9 per cent on cultural and related services.

There is further evidence that these spending reductions are impacting frontline services. Since 2010-11, 33.7 per cent fewer households have their waste collected at least weekly, the number of bus miles subsidised by local authorities outside London has fallen by 48.4 per cent, and the number of libraries has reduced by 10.3 per cent.

The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (the Department) has made improvements in understanding the sector’s financial position since the NAO’s last report in 2014 but, because responsibility for services is spread across departments, there is no single view of how funding cuts are impacting the whole of local authority services. At a time when social care spending is being prioritised by local authorities, failing to understand how funding and demand pressures affect the full range of local authority activities risks unintentionally reducing services to a core offering centred on social care.

The government has given local government several short-term cash injections in recent years, but most of this funding has only been available for adult social care. Uncertainty remains over the long-term financial plan for the sector. The government has confirmed its intention to implement the results of the Fair Funding Review in 2020-21 and to allow local authorities to retain 75 per cent of business rates, but the implications of these changes for local authorities’ finances are not yet clear.

Amyas Morse, head of the National Audit Office, said, “Current funding for local authorities is characterised by one off and short-term fixes, many of which come with centrally driven conditions. This restricts the capacity of local authorities and yet the weight of responsibility to respond to increased demand and maintain services remains very much on their shoulders. The Government risks sleep walking into a centralised local authority financial system where the scope for local discretion is being slowly eroded." 

* National Audit Office https://www.nao.org.uk/

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