'Guardians of the Amazon' seize illegal loggers to protect uncontacted tribe

By agency reporter
May 23, 2018

Members of an Amazon tribe patrolling their rainforest reserve to protect uncontacted relatives from illegal loggers have seized a notorious logging gang, burned their truck, and expelled them from the jungle.

The Guardians of the Amazon are from the Guajajara tribe: "We patrol, we find the loggers, we destroy their equipment and we send them away. We've stopped many loggers. It's working."

The area they are defending, Arariboia, is in the most threatened region in the entire Amazon. It is home to an uncontacted group of Awá Indians, a tribe well known for their affinity with animals and understanding of the forest, who face total annihilation if they come into contact with the loggers.

The Guardians have recently found abandoned Awá shelters close to where the loggers operate.

Survival International, the global movement for the rights of tribal people, syas that although the area should be protected under Brazilian law, the lack of enforcement by the Brazilian government and the extreme danger posed to the uncontacted Awá has forced the Guardians to take matters into their own hands.

They now fear violent retaliation. Three of the Guardians were murdered by loggers in 2016, and they have experienced arson attacks and regular death threats.

The Guardians sent footage of the burning truck loaded with illegally cut timber to Survival International, along with the message: "Please show the world the reality we face. We know it's risky and we have enemies but now's no time for hiding. We want you to release this to the world so we can continue to protect our forest."

Survival International has written urgently to the Brazilian government calling for the immediate and long-term protection of both the Guardians themselves and of the area they fight to protect.

Survival's Director Stephen Corry said: "Tribal territories are the best barrier to deforestation, and these Guardians are defending the last patch of green amid a sea of destruction. It's further proof that tribal peoples are the best conservationists and guardians of the natural world. The Guardians are virtually the only people standing between the loggers and the uncontacted Awá who still hold out in this forest. The Brazilian government's inaction in the face of rampant illegal deforestation is shameful."

Brazilian vice-Presidential candidate, Sônia Guajajara belongs to the same tribe as the Guardians and is the first indigenous woman ever to stand for the office of vice-President. She is campaigning on a platform of indigenous rights and environmental protection amid a political climate in Brazil which is more hostile to indigenous peoples than at any time since the end of the military dictatorship in 1985.

She said: "The Guardians' work is both extremely valuable and incredibly risky. We indigenous peoples will never accept the ransacking of our Mother Earth – we listen to her and understand the way she talks to us because our life depends on her."

Uncontacted tribes

There are more than 100 uncontacted tribes worldwide. They have decided not to engage in regular contact with anyone from the outside world.

They are not 'lost' or trapped in a land that time forgot. They are aware of the outside world, and may engage sporadically with contacted tribes nearby.

There is irrefutable evidence that their tribal territories are the best barrier to deforestation, particularly in the Amazon rainforest.

Uncontacted tribes are the most vulnerable peoples on the planet. Whole populations are wiped out by violence from outsiders who steal their land and resources, and by diseases like the flu and measles to which they have no resistance.

It is not uncommon for 90 per cent of the population to be wiped out following initial contact.


The Awá are a hunter-gatherer people living in the forests of the eastern Brazilian Amazon

While some Awá are in contact with the outside world, others are uncontacted.The Awá were known as "the most threatened tribe in the world" during a successful campaign by Survival International for the Brazilian government to expel the illegal loggers from one of their territories.

The tribe are known for their affinity with the animals of their forest, and some families have more pets than people, from raccoon-like coatis to wild pigs and king vultures.

Monkeys are the Awá's favorites and individuals are often seen with their pet monkey riding on their head. Awá will rescue orphaned baby monkeys and adopt them as a member of the family, even breastfeeding them.

* The Guardians recently released video and images of a rare encounter with the uncontacted Awá living in Arariboia. It can be seen here

* Survival International https://www.survivalinternational.org/


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