MoD urged to examine mental health risks to vulnerable personnel and young recruits

By agency reporter
July 28, 2018

The Defence Select Committee has recommended that the Ministry of Defence "conducts or commissions further research into female personnel, early Service leavers and recruits under 18 to determine the extent to which they are at higher risk of developing mental health conditions."

ForcesWatch welcomed this recommendation but added that research should be independent, based on cross-sections rather than those who seek help, and in anonymised conditions.

The organisation said: "we regret that moral injury (how issues of conscience impact mental health) which is recognised by the US Department of Veterans Affairs, was not mentioned in the Committee’s report, nor were other significant areas related to wellbeing such as violent offending and drinking."

  • While limited research and data shows mental health in military populations to be broadly the same as in the civilian population, the mental health of the youngest recruits is markedly worse than that of their civilian counterparts. The Surgeon-General accepted the evidence submitted by ForcesWatch and others and admitted that "academic data suggests that younger recruits may be more at risk".
  • The only group of veterans to show higher rates of suicide than the general public were those under the age of 24, who have a risk three times higher than their civilian counterparts.
  • Early service leavers (most common among youngest recruits) and young recruits with a lower educational status, in a lower rank and from regions with historic lower social economic status, suffer more from mental ill-health than others in the military population. Yet the military recruits the youngest personnel in Europe, and targets those from disadvantaged backgrounds.
  • Stress-related mental health problems are more common among military personnel than among civilians, particularly depression and anxiety.
  • The report stresses that military service can have a positive effect on mental health and can help those who were more vulnerable before they joined. However it admits the military is unlikely to prevent mental health difficulties developing, but rather delays them until after service. Upon returning to the ‘place they started from' ('unemployment, social isolation, chaotic lifestyle, depression'), delayed mental health issues are then likely to develop and perhaps be worsened particularly given the difficulty of transitioning into civilian life.
  • The report omitted the fact that a military career increases the likelihood of committing violent offences, and that harmful levels of drinking have been shown to be around three times as common among the youngest age groups in the military as among their civilian peers.
  • The report detailed the limitations of current research, saying that about "half to two-thirds of serving personnel and veterans with mental health issues may not be seeking help." Since UK Government statistics only report those who seek help, they may therefore be significantly underestimating how many serving personnel and veterans have mental health conditions. Other countries such as Australia, Canada and the US base their data on anonymous surveys of cross-sections of the military population, not just those seeking help – unlike the UK Ministry of Defence.

Emma Sangster, Coordinator of ForcesWatch, said: "This report confirms that young recruits are at greater risk from the mental health risks associated with being in the armed forces than older recruits.

“In its post-Deepcut inquiry of 2005, the Defence Committee recommended that there be an independent review of recruiting 16 and 17 year olds, yet no such review has ever been conducted. 

"We urge the Committee to do what it can to ensure that a review of recruitment age is now carried out in order to safeguard the best interests of its youngest recruits."

* Read the Armed Forces and Veterans Mental Health Inquiry ForcesWatch submission to the Defence Committee here

* ForcesWatch https://www.forceswatch.net/

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