UN food agencies pledge increased efforts to reduce poverty and hunger in Sahel

By agency reporter
August 20, 2018

The heads of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP) have pledged to increase support for regional efforts addressing the critical food and nutrition security situation in the Sahel. Close to 6 million people are estimated to be severely food insecure in the current lean season.

FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva, IFAD President Gilbert F. Houngbo, and WFP Executive Director David Beasley, made the commitment as they wrapped up a four-day visit to Niger which included meetings with President Mahamadou Issoufou and Prime Minister Brigi Rafini.

The three UN agency chiefs visited several projects where collaboration among FAO, IFAD, WFP, the Government of Niger and other partners, is providing people with new opportunities to feed their families and to build livelihoods that are more resilient to extreme weather events and other shocks.

“Working closely together FAO, IFAD and WFP are making a difference in the lives and livelihoods of some of Niger’s most vulnerable people. We will strive to build on one another’s strengths and continue working with governments, donors and other partners to scale up our efforts throughout the Sahel region to achieve Zero Hunger,” José Graziano da Silva said.

"Climate-related events and its impact on people's food security has a ripple effect on overall stability in the region," said Houngbo. “IFAD is committed to working together with FAO, WFP and the Government of Niger  to close the gap between humanitarian and long-term development assistance so that farmers can be more resilient to shocks and can sustainably access nutritious foods and improve their incomes."

"We can only hope to break the cycle of conflict and hunger if we work together, treating every humanitarian challenge as an opportunity to help develop economies and increase stability. In Niger and throughout the Sahel, that's what our three agencies are doing – along with national partners like the Government of Niger – and we can already see how it is paying off," Beasley said. 

In Niger, as in many parts of the Sahel, climate shocks have resulted in recurring droughts with devastating impacts on the region’s already vulnerable populations, particularly those relying on crop and livestock production for their livelihoods and survival.

As the Sahel’s lean season that runs from June to August nears its close, latest estimates show that nearly 6 million people will have been severely food insecure in this period.  Of these, almost half – or 2.7 million people – are pastoralists or agropastoralists. Up to 1.6 million children are expected to experience severe acute malnutrition.

The Sahel, whose population of 140 million is expected to more than double by 2050, has among the highest poverty rates in the world. This, together with changing weather patterns, will put increasing pressure on already scarce natural resources and is likely to generate more conflict – especially between pastoralists and households involved in crop production – while also forcing people to abandon rural areas in greater numbers.

In Niger, as in other parts of the Sahel, FAO, IFAD and WFP are jointly focusing on addressing poverty, underdevelopment, climate shocks and migration - factors that have all contributed to the region’s critical humanitarian and security situation, one that affects women and girls in particular.

A series of projects in Dargue in the Niger’s southern Maradi region visited by Graziano da Silva, Houngbo and Beasley are an example of where the three UN agencies’ work is making a difference. Initiatives, such as a land rehabilitation programme, water management systems and a central marketplace, illustrate the vital link between humanitarian and development assistance for peace building in the region.

Graziano da Silva, Houngbo and Beasley also underscored the importance of community and government-led initiatives, such as 'Les Nigériens nourissent les Nigériens' (Nigeriens feeding Nigeriens) backed by FAO, IFAD and WFP together with other partners. This initiative, which aims to reduce poverty and build resilience to food crises, seeks to boost the productivity of agricultural and pastoral land by strengthening local capacity through the introduction of better farming and herding practices and improving infrastructure, such as roads and health centres and school canteens.

* IFAD is an international financial institution and a specialised United Nations agency based in Rome, the UN’s food and agriculture hub.

[Ekk/4]

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