A ruling by India’s Supreme Court which would have drastically curtailed the notorious ‘human safaris’ in the Andaman Islands is being ignored by the islands’ authorities.
Earlier this month, India’s Supreme Court imposed a 5-kilometre buffer zone around the Jarawa Reserve, to help reduce the exploitation of the tribe by tourists.
The ruling puts an end to tourist resorts near the Reserve, and closes other commercial attractions such as the Islands’ mud volcano and limestone caves. However, more than two weeks on, the volcano and caves remain open.
Activists have welcomed the ruling as, even though it did not close the Andaman Trunk Road (ATR) running through the Reserve, it would significantly reduce the amount of traffic using it.
At least 250 vehicles use the road through the Reserve on a daily basis, and many are tour operators, transporting visitors from the south of the islands. Officially they are travelling to see the volcano and caves, but for many their real reason for taking the trip is for the ‘human safari’ en route.
If implemented correctly, India’s new buffer zone could reduce the amount of traffic on the ATR.
However, the Andaman administration is refusing to close the volcano and cave sites, having appealed for the Supreme Court to exclude them from its recent order.
The Andaman administration has now filed a plea to the Supreme Court for an eight-week suspension period so it can submit plans for a new buffer zone. It is believed that these will not include the cave and volcano.
Stephen Corry, Director of Survival International said , "The Supreme Court missed an opportunity by leaving the ATR open – the main artery to India’s ‘human safaris’. However the decision to close the caves and mud volcano is a positive step and would deny tour operators the chance to run human safaris by stealth. If the mud volcano and limestone caves remain open, hundreds of tourists will continue to drive through the reserve every day ogling at the Jarawa. The Andaman administration must demonstrate its commitment to ending these tours by closing the cave and volcano."