Afghanistan's war enters its second decade with the Taliban emboldened and the United States enfeebled, says Professor Paul Rogers. But the power-play between Pakistan, India and China is also now central to an assessment of what comes next. Afghanistan's future will be decided in Islamabad, New Delhi and Beijing as much as, if not more, than in Kabul and Washington.
This month marks 10 years of international intervention in Afghanistan. Liberating its women was one of the justifications given for the US led NATO intervention in the country and toppling the Taliban – a regime that made female education illegal and forbade women to hold jobs or even to leave the house without a male family member.