After delegates to the Church of Scotland's general assembly gathered on 15 May they were urged to support a call for Britain and the US to preserve Middle East peace and take no further action that could lead to an invasion of Iran.
Iran has refused to renew the visa of a British journalist based in Tehran, forcing him to leave the country. They have aid they will accept a "suitable replacement". The move reflects continuing tension between Iran and the West.
A report from United States intelligence agencies has undermined those close to the White House who have been arguing for unilateral military action against Iran by saying that Tehran halted its nuclear weapons programme in 2003.
US Catholic Bishops have said that while the prospect of Iran developing nuclear weapons is unacceptable, in the absence an immediate threat, the USA and other nations must pursue a diplomatic solution to the present confrontation.
Dr Rowan Williams, the Archbishop of Canterbury, has said that those close to the Bush administration in the USA who want military action against Syria and Iran are guilty of “criminal, ignorant and potentially murderous folly”. He urged peaceful stabilisation in Iraq.
The US and its allies must "settle the dispute over Iran's nuclear programme through negotiations and not through the use of military force," stated the World Council of Churches (WCC) executive committee meeting in Etchmiadzin, Armenia.