The Festival of Spirituality and Peace, which runs this year in Edinburgh from 6 - 29 August 2011, seeks to reawaken the heart of the Edinburgh festival for people who, ten years after 9/11, want to work together for a peaceful future. The director, Donald Reid, introduces its main theme.
'Surge, attack, negotiations' is a cycle of action that has a ring of familiarity - and not just in Afghanistan, says Gene Stoltzfus. But not everyone is confident that aggression will bring a just peace.
The United States faces mounting problems in the three leading conflict zones of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq, says Paul Rogers. The escape-route lies not in military escalation but in a change of thinking.
Muslims in the US are taking part in the first official September 11 Day of Service and Remembrance, established by President Obama and Congress to mark the anniversary of the attacks on the World Trade Center.