Almost 9,000 hectares of their ancestral land has been returned to Enxet Indians in Paraguay, more than a decade after their campaign to reclaim it began.
The Kelyenmagategma, a small community of Enxet Indians, had been forcibly evicted from their homes on several occasions and were surviving on just three hectares of land, says Survival International, the NGO which campaigns for the rights of tribal people.
Having suffered countless episodes of violence and persecution at the hands of local landowners, the Kelyenmagategma were forced to bring their case before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) in 2004.
The government’s decision finally to return the land this month is in response to measures set out by the IACHR.
Many of Paraguay’s Indians have fought for the return of their ancestral lands for decades.
Survival reports that uncontacted Ayoreo Indians in the northern part of Paraguay are repeatedly uprooted from their homes by foreign cattle firms.
State attempts to reclaim or buy back the land for its indigenous owners have been largely unsuccessful.
The Ayoreo are now in extreme danger of being wiped out as their forests rapidly disappear to make way for cattle farming, says Survival.