As Egypt approaches the anniversary of the protest movement that overthrew former president Hosni Mubarak, the country still finds itself torn by sectarian violence - writes Judith Sudilovsky.
On 9 October, a demonstration in Cairo protesting an attack against a Coptic church in the Aswan province last week erupted into the worst violence since Mubarak's ouster in February. Between 17 and 24 people were killed and between 180 and 200 people were wounded.
Coptic Christians, who comprise about 10 per cent of Egypt's 80 million people, blamed the church attack on Muslim radicals.
According to media reports, Egyptian troops, which accused the Cairo protestors of shooting at them, shot rubber bullets and tear gas into a crowd of thousands. Demonstrators denied the charges and said the protest was a peaceful one, though perhaps others not associated with them had fired at the soldiers.
Addressing the nation on state television on today, Egyptian prime minister Essam Sharaf said the clashes between army forces and Coptic Christian protesters had brought the country back to the kind of violence seen at the onset of the revolution. "Instead of going forward, we found ourselves scrambling for security," said Sharaf.
Despite scenes of unity during the revolution, when Muslims joined Christians in protests against continuing sectarian violence and Christians were seen protecting Muslims during their prayers at Tahrir Square, attacks against Christian targets have continued. Prior to the recent attack, some 24 people had been killed, 200 injured, and three churches attacked during the first five months of the post-Mubarak regime.
Christians say they fear growing control by conservative Islamic groups. The second article of the Egyptian constitution declares Shari'a, or Islamic religious law, as the law of Egypt, leaving Christians fearful of their future place in the country if that provision is enforced.
[With acknowledgements to ENInews. ENInews, formerly Ecumenical News International, is jointly sponsored by the World Council of Churches, the Lutheran World Federation, the World Communion of Reformed Churches and the Conference of European Churches.]